U Visa Information
U Visa Information – Law Enforcement Certifications
What is a U nonimmigrant visa (also known as a U Visa)?
The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (VTVPA) of 2000 was enacted to strengthen the ability of law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute serious crimes and trafficking in persons, while offering protections to victims of such crimes without the immediate risk of being removed from the country. A U-Visa is a temporary visa issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to victims of certain crimes, providing temporary legal status and eligibility to work in the United States for up to 4 years.
Who is eligible for a U Visa?
USCIS may find an applicant eligible for a U Visa if the applicant:
- Is the direct or indirect victim of qualifying criminal activity;
- Has suffered substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of having been a victim of criminal activity;
- Has been helpful, is helpful, or is likely to be helpful to a Federal, State, or local prosecutor, to a Federal or State judge, to USCIS, or to other Federal, State, or local authorities investigating or prosecuting criminal activity; and
- The criminal activity violated the laws of the United States or occurred in the U.S. or the territories and possessions of the United States.
Additional information, including applicable forms, may be found through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services here.
What is a T nonimmigrant visa (also known as a T-visa)?
T nonimmigrant status is a temporary immigration benefit that enables certain victims of a severe form of human trafficking to remain in the United States for up to 4 years if they have assisted law enforcement in an investigation or prosecution of human trafficking. T nonimmigrant status is also available for certain qualifying family members of trafficking victims. T nonimmigrants are eligible for employment authorization and certain federal and state benefits and services. T nonimmigrants who qualify may also be able to adjust their status and become lawful permanent residents (obtain a Green Card).
Please note that for a T visa LEA sign a declaration (as opposed to a certification for a U visa). A declaration is Form I-914 Supplement B and a certification is Form I-918 Supplement B. Here’s the link : https://www.uscis.gov/tools/information-law-enforcement-agencies-and-judges. Once you have the supplemental forms, please follow the instructions below to submit your request to the Cook County Sheriff’s Office.
Qualifying Criminal Activities
The following are qualifying criminal activities: Rape; torture; trafficking; incest; domestic violence; sexual assault; abusive sexual conduct; prostitution; sexual exploitation; female genital mutilation; being held hostage; peonage; involuntary servitude; slave trade; kidnapping; abduction; unlawful criminal restraint; false imprisonment; blackmail; extortion; manslaughter; murder; felonious assault; witness tampering; obstruction of justice; perjury; fraud in foreign labor contracting; stalking; any similar activity where the elements of the crime are substantially similar; or the attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit any of the above and other related crimes. Additionally, crimes that are “substantially similar” to those listed above may also qualify.
Not many people are aware that the unauthorized practice of law could be a qualifying criminal activity for purposes of U Visa certification. This problem occurs when immigrants go to a notary public seeking legal advice, and these notary publics file fraudulent claims. Many unsuspecting consumers of immigration services fall prey to “consultants” and notary publics who hold themselves out as legal professionals and falsely claim that the immigrant is eligible to legalize their immigration status. The unauthorized practice of immigration law occurs when those who are not attorneys or accredited representatives:
- Provide legal assistance to applicants or petitioners in immigration matters;
- Charge more than a nominal fee; and/or
- Hold themselves out to be qualified in legal matters.
The following are possible crimes associated with the Unauthorized Practice of Law: blackmail; extortion; obstruction of justice; perjury; witness tampering; or attempts or conspiracies to do any of the above.
Submitting U Visa Certifications (USCIS Form I-918, Supplement B) to the Cook County Sheriff’s Office
Please follow the following procedures prior to submitting a U-Visa Certification request to the Cook County Sheriff’s Office:
- Verify that the case in question was handled by the Cook County Sheriff’s Office. If the case was not investigated by the Cook County Sheriff’s Office, then this is not the correct office to handle your certification request. You may wish to request a copy of the police report and/or investigative report through the Freedom of Information Act, the process for which is detailed here.
- Verify that you or your client was a victim of a qualifying crime. See 8 CFR §214.14 (a)(9).
- Verify that you or your client was helpful in the prosecution of the case, specifically, your client has not refused to provide information reasonably requested by law enforcement or this Office.
To submit a request for U Visa certification to the Cook County Sheriff’s Office, please forward your request in writing with all supporting documentation to:
COOK COUNTY SHERIFF’S OFFICE
ATTN: Eliza Bikvan
50 W. Washington, Room 704
Chicago, IL 60602
Please include as much detail as possible with your submission, including but not limited to:
- Name of Arrestee/Defendant(s)
- Date of Birth and Identifiers for Arrestee/Defendant(s)
- Case Number
- Address of Incident
- Date of Incident
- Victim/Client’s Name and Identifiers
Please include a return address and contact information with your submission.
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